Who pronounces ‘eight’ and ‘ate’ the same?

Previous findings

Wells notes that some people in the Northern regions of the UK, particularly around Lancashire, may make a distinction between the vowels of these two words. In these cases, speakers pronounce eight with the traditional diphthong /eɪ/, and ate with the long monophthong /eː/. The same contrast also exists between pairs like weight and wait, but such a distinction is becoming increasingly rare (1982: 357).

Our findings

Although homophony between these words is slightly more frequent in Southern accents than Northern (95% compared to 85%), it is still predominant throughout most regions in the UK. However, there are certain pockets of speakers in the north for whom eight-ate homophony is comparatively quite rare; these include speakers from Blackburn, Bradford, Leeds and Hull.